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TheDairySite Newsletter - 24 October 2014

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Friday 24th October 2014.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley

MSD Animal Health

Novus International

Lessons For Dairy Calves in Belgian Blue Management

Key dairy calf management practices can be informed by observing how Belgian Blue calves are reared, says a Belgian cattle expert.

Core aspects of youngstock rearing such as colostrum, the use of selenium in the cow prior to calving and minimising respiratory infections are examples of such insights, according to Dr Geert Hoflack, technical cattle advisor at MSD Belgium.

Respiratory and circulatory complications need overcoming on Belgian Blue farms due to calves being born with smaller vital organs in relation to their muscle mass.

Speaking at the Global Dairy Calf Symposium, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, Dr Hoflack outlined the inherent difficulties in rearing Belgian Blue calves due to their double muscle phenotype.

Physiological complications with the tongue and jaw even mean suckling the teat is hard work, he explained.

Specifically, Belgian Blue calves are more prone to Bovine Viral Diarrhoea as well as respiratory disease.

“Extra importance is given for ventilation and the barn environment,” said Dr Hooflack. “We also advise to vaccinate against respiratory disease.”

Common practice is to inject selenium into the dam before calving, which assists the new-born in its first breath.

“Supplying selenium to a pregnant cow has several effects, but one critical feature is its use as a surfactant,” said Dr Hoflack.

This helps lungs open on the calf’s first inhalation.

“When the calf is born the lungs are small and compact,” added Dr Hoflack.

“You risk chance of the lungs not opening completely.”

Without proper care there can be dire consequences for calves. Smaller hearts struggle to match the body’s needs, resulting in sudden death due to cardiomyopathy.

“Calves can be excited by the prospect of food and then suddenly die,” said Dr Hoflack.

“The heart must pump blood around to fuel muscles and calves die a quick, acute death.”

At around 10 months of age the calf reaches an ‘equilibrium’ due to organs growing faster and matching the muscle structure.

“If you have success with Belgian Blues, you can manage other cattle,” said Dr Hoflack.

Time spent with the calf to get management right is ‘worth it’ he added.

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Schmallenberg Virus And its French Effect
A team of French scientists have analysed farm records to assess how Schmallenberg virus spread across the country.

Milk Prices: How to Deal With Volatility
Current market trends mean mistakes now could be very costly, Ireland's dairy farmers are being warned.

Has the Last Dairy Trade Provided Stability?
Global dairy trade results applied the breaks to a free falling market last week. Dairy Australia analysts analyse the latest result and discuss other big talking point in Europe and the US.

What Farm Animal Is the Most Environmentally Damaging?
Beef production is the most damaging for the environment, followed by pork, with poultry having the smallest impact, a wealth of studies show.

Company News

Biomin: Dramatic Change Needed for Sustainability
GERMANY - The 6th World Nutrition Forum in Munich ended two full days of stimulating sessions with plenty of food-for-thought on issues of sustain:ability across a range of topics — from the animal sciences to management, economics and philosophy.
Transdermal Pour-on Solution Offers Novel Application
US - MSD Animal Health today introduced a transdermal pour-on solution which delivers consistent efficacy proven to reduce pyrexia (fever) associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD).
Market Reports

USDA National Dairy Products Sales Report - 22 October 2014
USDA Cold Storage - 22 October 2014
Irish CSO Reports - Agricultural Price Indices - August 2014
USDA Milk Production - 20 October 2014
USDA Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook - 17 October 2014

Global Dairy Industry News

   United States

World Dairy Expo Futurity Entries Due Soon
CME: Reductions in Stocks of Frozen Meat and Poultry
CME: USDA Cattle On Feed
CME: Celebrations For Long Serving USDA Chairman
CME: Beef/Dairy Cow Slaughter Lower than Expected
Bumper Soybean and Corn Harvests Ahead

   European Union

Blutongue Continues Spread Through Italy, Romania This Week
New Director for Agriculture at EU
Bluetongue Strikes in Montenegro, Hungary
Russian Trade Ban, Other Trade Issues Discussed at EU Agriculture Council
EU Research Turning Food Waste into Feed


Indian Feed Association Acts as Platform to Resolve Livestock Issues
India’s Vegatable Oil Imports up 21 Per Cent in Sept 2014
India's First Cattle Welfare Guidelines: What Do They Mean?


Russia Most Active in WTO Over Animal Health and Food Safety
Second Successive Year of Grain Surpluses
ADB, Japan Support South Asia Push to End Spread of Livestock Disease


Irish Milk Production Already Seven per cent Over Quota
Farm Group Hits Out at Glanbia Milk Cuts


Theileriosis Disease Discovered in Australian Cattle

   United Kingdom

£5 Million Boost for Food Security
Animal Pychology in Focus at Agricultural Safety Workshop
Retailers Urged Not to Make Dairy Farmers Pay for Cut Price Milk
Over-grooming Risks Apply to Animals as well as Humans
Cornish Dairy Beats Giants in Butter Competition
Food Labels Can Reduce Environmental Impacts of Livestock
Flood Video Highlights Risk For Farms
Animal Welfare Research Training Scholarship Available
Recognition for Professionalism in Agriculture
NFU Releases New Video on Protecting UK Wildlife and Environment
Dairy Foods Opposers Not Basing Argument on Fact


Nutreco Sees Revenues Fall


Chinese Food Prices Show Slight Fall


Flow of French Cattle to Algeria Resumes

   Korea, South

Highlights from the World Organisation for Animal Health Conference

   New Zealand

New Zealanders to See 3 Months into Future

   Russian Federation

Russia to Increase Output of Agricultural Products by 2020


BRF at Top of Sustainability Rankings


The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
VIV Europe Digital 2014
EuroTier 2014
VIV Asia 2015



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