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TheBeefSite Newsletter - 20 November 2013

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Wednesday 20th November 2013.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley

Cutting The Cost of Winter Feeding

At a time of fertiliser, feed and by-product price volatility, controlling input costs through the winter is as important as ever.

This is why researchers at the University of Florida are looking at ways to maximise weight gain and digestibility from winter forage.

One study evaluated feeding systems on a dollars per pound of weight gain basis. The other assessed two digestibility markers as a proxy for feed suitability.

Researchers showed that grazing a triticale and ryegrass blend is a potential cost saving strategy for winter.

The blend yielded better average daily gain results compared to a rye/ryegrass winter pasture and an ad lib bahiagrass hay supplemented with a 50:50 corn gluten and soybean hulls mix three times a week.

Results from a 48 head herd of crossbred heifers in Florida showed that a pasture of triticale and ryegrass was the most cost effective option at $1.06 per pound of weight gained.

In contrast, rye and ryegrass pasture rated poorly. Low body weight gain meant a cost of pound gained of $1.99 per pound.

“Developments in terms of forage varieties have provided cattle producers with more options for winter forages,” the paper concluded. “Blending winter forage species with different growing patterns can be an alternative to produce enough quality and quantity to support high rates of weight gain.”

Low stocking rates were used on the study to ensure sufficient intake, the team noted. However, quality is more important to performance than quantity.

Whereas one study used weight gain figures to benchmark feed, the other analysed digestibility markers as parameters for nutrition.

The need to use chromic oxide as a proxy for feed digestibility could go thanks to a second Florida University study testing titanium dioxide efficacy.

Extensively used in rat, chicken, dairy and pig nutrition, beef farmers have relied on chromic oxide, a substance marred by reports of its carcinogenic effects in 2004.

Potentially, this could see titanium oxide tests improve feeding efficiency and profit margins on beef farms, assisting producers with decisions over nutrient balance for maintenance and growth.

Digestibility markers must conform to certain criteria, however. They need to be non-absorbable, physically similar to or associated with the feed material and not affect or be affected by rumen activity or microbial populations.

Evaluating digestibility can be done twice a day from sampling faecal matter at 8:00 am and 4:00 pm.

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Understanding Tick Outbreak in New Zealand Part Three: Managing Theileria Infection
New Zealand producers are advised to boost biosecurity practice in this final look into managing the risk of tick borne infections from the Ikeda (Theileria orientalis) parasite.

Feeding Drought-Damaged Peanut and Cotton to Beef Cattle
Standing cotton should be fed to dry beef cows and lactating cows should opt for the unharvested peanuts, says the latest advice about feeding damaged crops to cattle.

Have Calf Registrations Stabilised in Northern Ireland?
Limousin represents the biggest breed in calf registration data this year, says the Livestock and Meat Commission Northern Ireland, which has noted a return to last year's levels in calvings over September and October.

Antibiotic Resistance: Killer Virus to the Rescue?
IRELAND - A long forgotten therapy may be about to come to our salvation in the fight against antibiotic resistance, according to Dr John Rae of TEAGASC. He says the treatment has been around for nearly a century but that we in the English-speaking world have overlooked it for the past 60 years.

Market Reports

NAB Australian Rural Commodities Wrap - 15 November 2013
EBLEX Cattle Weekly - 15 November 2013
USDA Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook - November 2013
UK September Agricultural Price Index - 14 November 2013
Irish CSO Reports: Agricultural Price Indices - September 2013
USDA Feed Outlook - November 2013

Global Beef Industry News

   United States

Cattle Futures: December, February Post Losses
Wyckoff's Weekly Cattle Outlook: Mixed Bag at Start of Week
Tyson Sales and Profits Rise
Cattle Futures: December Cattle Plummets, Monday
Hagen Leaves USDA
Beef Exports Continue Upward Trend; Pork Exports Remain Down
Coalition Applauds EPA Decision to Lower Ethanol 2014 Requirements
Cattle Futures: Low Market Sees Rally and Gains Late On, Friday
Weekly Cattle Summary: Exports in East and Mexico Behind Setember Surge
Cattle Futures: November and December Contracts Close Higher, Thursday
CME Group Confirms Cyber Attack, Some Customer Info Compromised
Crop Inputs and Dairy Perform Well For Land O'Lakes
Jim Wyckoff: Prices Close Mid Range, Thursday
Consumers Support COOL, Urge Defense of Law
Cattle Futures: December Contracts Close Higher
USDA Initiates Programme for Beef, Pork Never Fed Beta-agonists
Jim Wyckoff: Futures Hit Two Week High, Wednesday
Cattle Futures: December Futures Close Seven Cents Lower, Tuesday

   European Union

European Parliament Approves Budget
Could Green VAT Encourage Sustainable Consumption and Production?
Change in Laws Needed to Allow Insects' Contribution to Sustainable Livestock Production
Modified Gene in Oil Seed Rape Declared Safe For Consumers

   United Kingdom

LMC: Live Prices Back, Slaughter Plants Steady
Little Change in UK Antibiotic Use in Animals
Carrot or Stick? Building Animal Welfare into Business Sustainability
Minister to Speak at AHDB Outlook Conference 2014
Science into Practice Annual Conference 2014 Open for Registration
Avoid Additional Costs With Clean Stock
More Tuberculosis Herd Information to Inform Cattle Buying


Argentina Second Largest Beef Supplier of Chile


Nicaragua Lead Way in Cattle Identification
Animal Health Programme to Be Justified With Cost-Efficiency Study


Beef and Dairy Farms Boosted by Disease News


China's Farm Produce Prices Rebound
Chinese Were First Cattlemen, Jaw Bone Study Reveals
China's Farm Produce Prices Drop Slightly


Philippines Acts to Help Farmers and Fishermen after Typhoon
Typhoon Haiyan Hits Farming Heartland


Brazilian National Livestock Earnings to Increase
Veterinary Services Need To Strengthen Urgently
JBS Sees Revenues Rise
Marfrig Reports 11 Per Cent Increase in Net Revenue


Upscaling Impact of Certification Initiatives Unclear
Animal Production Research Brings Together Fruits of European Efforts


Dogs, Chicken and Swine Main Antibiotic Resistance Factors


New CEO for BRF International Business
Sewage Is Killing Cattle All Over the World
£13M India-UK Collaboration in Farmed Animal Health and Disease
European Group for Research EPIZONE Adds CReSA as Latest Member
Continued Growth Expected in Organic Markets
FAO Expects More Balanced Food Markets, Less Price Volatility
Vital Genetics Recognised by Development Plan


Impact of Typhoon Haiyan to be Discussed at Food Security Summit


MLA: Weekly Cattle Summary


Good Traceability Record Attracts EU Attention


Disease Updates For Foot and Mouth for Panama and Peru


Desperate Farmers Break Sewage Lagoons to Nourish Cattle


The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
Beef Summit Brazil - 10th - 11th December
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