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TheDairySite Newsletter - 20 September 2013

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Friday 20th September 2013.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley

More Haste Less Speed?

Stockmen are being informed about the fundamental aspects of cow behaviour to control the spread of digital dermatitis and white line disease.

This includes appreciating the bovine senses of hearing, smell and vision, alongside an appreciation of herd dynamics and cow flow.

This is the message coming from Neil Chesterton, a veterinary surgeon and cattle lameness expert from Taranaki, New Zealand.

He wants farmers to understand that stressed cows are often lame as they are nervous of people and farm implements, consequently shunting and skidding around pens, opening up their feet to infections.

Mr Chesterton has conducted two surveys that correlated lame cows with high cortisone levels, chemical proof of stress that shows in the blood.

Fear and stress can arise from being spooked by a farmer, slapped on the behind, picking up new or upsetting smells and spotting objects in the peripheral field of vision.

On one farm, Mr Chesterton noted that cows were wary of entering the parlour one day. He later realised that fish blood and bone was being spread on land eight kilometres away and the wind direction had suddenly changed.

What exacerbates the issue is that, when a cow becomes scared, fear is passed through the herd via pheromones in the urine.

This is at its worst in holding pens which are frequently too small to allow cattle traffic to circulate properly.

This is where shouting, stick hitting and electrified chains on back gates are used to move cattle faster, which Mr Chesterton claims is the key source of problems on farms.

He prescribes that cattle should be given time and space to navigate from field to the holding pen and then to the parlour.

“Cows are creatures of habit, they learn and remember routes,” says Mr Chesterton. “Heifers can be trained to walk through a parlour in three or four days, possibly quicker if they are trained before calving.”

“Cows operate in herds and will not overtake dominant cows. Instead a cow will back away from a superior cow in the herd.”

Cows have a walking order and a milking order, adds Mr Chesterton. Farmers are aware of this but he says inexperienced workers rushing to get to the pub think they can speed the process with a stick or a yell.

Mr Chesterton concludes that: “The more pressure you put on the herd, the slower it will go.”

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Planting For Hope: September Newsletter
Apollo Saku is a farmer, agricultural academic and project leader for Planting for Hope Uganda, a sustainable wealth creation programme aimed at empowering rural communities through farming and cooperative schemes.

Modern Dairying Means Cow Signals Must be Picked Up
Larger herd size means monitoring cow health is increasingly difficult without help from rumination sensors, says dairy expert Marcia Endres.

Processing Corn Silage can be Advantageous for a Dairy Operation
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Controling Weeds in New Grass Leys
Clover or non-clover, weed control is more readily achievable when weeds are seedlings, say Teagasc researchers.

Breeding Fitter Cows For Better Milk
RobustMilk is a European breeding project looking at breeding fitter cows that give healthier milk.

Company News

Clearer Food Labelling and Increased Veterinary Involvement Seen as Key to Meeting Consumer Demand for Improved Food Chain Transparency
GLOBAL - The veterinary profession has just as important a role to play in promoting high farm animal welfare to the consumer as it does in helping to drive improvements on farm.
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UK - MSD Animal Health has launched an inactivated marker vaccine for use in the control of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR). The new product, Bovilis® IBR Marker Inac, complements the company’s Bovilis IBR Marker Live.
High Risk from Liver Fluke in Cattle this Autumn
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Market Reports

USDA Milk Production - September 2013
UK Farming Statistics - Final Crop Areas, Yields, Livestock Populations - June 2013
USDA National Dairy Products Sales Reports - 18 September 2013
USDA Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook - September 2013
USDA Feed Outlook - September 2013
Irish Agricultural Price Indices - July 2013

Global Dairy Industry News

   United States

Daily Dairy Trading: Markets Largely Static as Butter Sales Continue, Thursday
Another US Farm Bill Delay?
NFU to House: Listen to Family Farmers/Fishermen, Defeat HR 3012
Jim Wyckoff's Closing Report: December Cattle Closes Higher
Daily Dairy Trading: Butter Continues Selling Well, Wednesday
House Nutrition Legislation is Hinderance to Farm Bill Process
Only Two Antibiotic-resistance Threats Connected to Food Animals
NFU Encouraged by EPA Proposed Rule, Agriculture Remains Exempt
Daily Dairy Trading: Buyers Move in on Butter, Tuesday
Campaign Group Blames Antibiotic Resistance on Farmers
CME: Declining Corn and Soybean Condition
Health Agency Addresses Antibiotic Resistance Issue
'Unfinished Business' with Corn, Soy Production
Jim Wyckoff's Closing Report: Cattle Markets Close Higher Wednesday
Daily Dairy Trading: Butter and Cheese Close Lower, Monday
Wyckoff's Weekly Grain Forecast: Important Week for Soy
COOL Appeal Another Attempt to Obstruct Consumers’ Right to Know
Avoid Overgrazing, Check Forage Inventories Now
High-welfare Programme Now Covers One Billion Farm Animals
CME: Corn Yields Expected to be Lower
Cargill Elects New Chief Executive
US Court Throws Out Country of Origin Labelling Injunction
Extension is Not the Answer to Stalled Farm Bill


Land Chamber Urges Farmers to Consider Robots Carefully


SPACE 2013 Beats Records


Wyckoff's Morning Report: Markets Firmer Overnight
Chinese Dairy Giants Report Strong Growth As US Companies Falter
Could Grass Roots Save us From Climate Change?
Food Waste Harms Climate, Water, Land and Biodiversity

   United Kingdom

Dairy Review: Cause For Scottish Optimism?
TB Plans Announced for Northern Ireland
Vaccinating Cattle Could Save Human Lives
Technical Soil Conference Looks at 'Hidden' Asset
Vets Caught Routinely Prescribing Antibiotic in Calf Milk
Red Tractor Week Starts on 16 September
College Farm Opens its Door to the Public
New Agricultural Policy Priorities Outlined to Lords’ Committee


OIE: Authorities Warn of Lumpy Skin Disease in Turkey


Farmer of the Year Focuses on Animal Health
Australia Expects Record Value of Farm Production
Moving Cattle Without a Permit is a Costly Mistake


Farm Biosecurity Threat Varies According to Animal Type and Herd Size

   New Zealand

Effluent App Captures Value
Farmers Warned about Theileria in Cows
Fonterra Reveals Plan for Second China Dairy Farming Hub
Government’s Helping Hand for Dairy Reputation


Brazilian Steer Prices Improving


Dairy Study Helps Reject Proposed 2015 Milk Production Restrictions
Fodder Census Shows Adequate Fodder Stocks


Protecting Livestock from Wildlife

   European Union

Maintain Family Farming for a Competitive and Sustainable Sector


The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
Biomin - Mycotoxins


Reducing the risk of milk fever, That’s the beauty of Bovikalc


CID LINES - Innovative Hygiene Solutions
Biomin - The Natural Way


Animax Veterinary Health
The Pig, Poultry, Beef, Fish, Dairy, Meat, Cattle, Crop & Bioenergy Sites From 5M Publishing From 5M Publishing

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