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TheBeefSite Newsletter - 10 July 2013

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Wednesday 10th July 2013.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley

Avoid Losses By Adapting to New Fluke Cycles

Farmers must understand that liver fluke cycles are changing if hefty productivity losses are to be avoided.

Prime fluke season used to be the November-December period but this has altered to January-March time, Oli Hodgkinson of Trefaldwyn Vets explained to a seminar at the recent Livestock Event.

Mr Hodgkinson warned that this has made combatting Miracidium - the parasitic organism that lays the fluke eggs – a more complex task around the turn-out period.

He said that getting it wrong can cost a beef animal up to 200 pounds in liveweight gain.

“Seasonality is becoming far less discrete and farmers, therefore, need to use sustainable products at the appropriate time of the year and it is important to remember that no flukicide has persistent action,” said Mr Hodgkinson.

“If you treat cattle for fluke today, they can go outside tomorrow and pick up the miracidium which enables the fluke cycle to start again.”

If unsure, Mr Hodgkinson underlined the importance of diagnosis, whether by a blood enzyme test, post mortem or, in the case of chronic fluke, faecal egg counting.

Veterinary practices are happy to conduct faecal egg inspection under a microscope to see if there are eggs, he stated.

Blood enzyme tests, often done on individual cows, can also be taken to see if enzyme levels are high, an indication that the cow is suffering, explained Mr Hodgkinson.

He also urged farmers to use post mortems as a useful diagnostic tool, adding that vets are happy to conduct liver inspection.

“Call your vet when you have a dead cow in and ask them to look at the liver,” he advised.

“Don’t be afraid to talk the slaughtermen as well, they have some fantastic data about what is going on across your farm.”

This data can show whether or not your treatments are effective and possibly tell you if you should treat if you are not using flukicides, Mr Hodgkinson added.

In terms of timing treatment across the herd, Mr Hodgkinson recommended Triclabendazole and Albendazole, although warned that their efficacy greatly depends on what stage the fluke is at within the cycle and stated that no drug has ‘persistent action’.

He said that data shows Tricalbendazole is 90 per cent effective in the early stage of the fluke’s life – around 2-3 weeks.

This contrasts with Albendazole which is more effective at 11-12 weeks rather than early in the fluke’s like when it makes little impact into the parasite.

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Finishing Beef on Alfalfa
Rise of consumer interest for 'all natural' grass fed beef has led to one farmer in feeding alfalfa to fatten cattle with deadweight averages of 780lbs, says Todd Powell.

BRD Risk Categorization For Feeder Calves: Part 2
Last week, Roger Ellis, of South Dakota State University, looked at the categorisation for morbidity and mortality of bovine respiratory disease (BRD). This week Mr Ellis explores what increases the likelihood of BRD and how to control it.

Antibiotics Naturally Present in Crops
Antibiotics can be naturally present in crops and can therefore enter the food chain unintentionally. This is the conclusion of the PhD thesis ‘LC-MS residue analysis of antibiotics’ by Bjorn Berendsen, who is employed at RIKILT Wageningen University and Research centre.

Comparing Current and 1970 Farm Prosperity: U.S. Livestock Production
In a comparison of farm prosperity between 1970 and today, Carl Zulauf and Nick Rettig of the University of Illinois note that prosperity has led to production expansion in recent years and underline the considerable stress that livestock farming has been put under from rising feed costs and the birth of crops for fuel.

Observe Estrus in Cow Herd to Monitor Bull Fertility During Breeding Season
Bull condition and fertility is paramount in successful breeding, which is why Bob Weaber, Cow-calf specialist at Kansas State University, is urging farmers to keep an eye on the bull through the breeding season and detect estrus in cows to monitor bull fertility.

Global Beef Industry News


FMD NEWS: OIE Reports FMD Outbreaks in Mongolia and Russia
Resolution of M-COOL Urged Before Stakeholders Begin Adjusting to New Rules
Rabobank Beef Q2: Relatively High Beef Prices Continue to Threaten Consumer Appetite
Multi-stakeholder Action for Sustainable Livestock
FAO Celebrates Eradication of Rinderpest
Increasing Productivity Can Lower Methane Emissions

   United States

CME: Slaughter Down as Augusts Cattle Rises to
AFBF Files Suit to Protect Farmers’ Privacy
Beef Exports Up; Pork Down Slightly as Russian Impact Felt
NFU Board Stands Strong: Do Not Split Farm Bill
CME: Futures Close Higher Except October, Monday
2013 Cattle Markets at Mid-Year
CME: Beef To Japan Up as Market Reacts to Slaughter Age Law
New 'Hours of Service' Rule Waived for Ag
CME: August Cattle Finish Week Unchanged, Friday
Weekly Cattle Outlook: Boxed Beef and August Live Cattle Close Down on Previous Week's Close
Weekly Roberts Market Report
CME: August Cattle Close on $121.95 Following Slow Start, Thursday
Take Steps to Reduce Heat Stress in Cattle
Resolution Calls for Legislated Solution to M-COOL Issue
CME: Futures Trade in Narrow Range, Wednesday
Industrial Farm Workers Carry Bacteria Associated with Livestock
Slow Process to Rebuild Herds After Texas Droughts
Beef Producers Shouldn't Focus on Single Trait EPDs
NFU, Coalition Urge Congress to Pass New Farm Bill
Increase in Resistance to Drug Therapies Among Bovine Respiratory Cases
Farm Bureau Seeks Ruling on Farmyard Stormwater
NFU Board Passes Resolution Deriding Farm Bill Inactivity

   United Kingdom

Great Yorkshire Show Kicks Off
CLA States Defra Cooperation is a Must to Beat TB
Scottish Govt Listens to Union on Water Regulation
Mitigating the Effects of Mycotoxins in Feed
Vivergo Plant to Cut Reliance on Feed Imports
LMC: Top Deadweight Steers Average 412.4p/kg for Great Britain
Reducing Losses Caused by Liver Fluke
Sustainable Intensification in Agriculture: How To Produce More
High Tech Lasers - A New Development in Measuring Livestock Emissions
Competition for Agri-food Technology Research Funding
Study into Public Health Risks of ESBL E. coli
NFU: Everyone Must Play Part to Reduce Farm Accidents
Farmers to Continue Fight on Road Safety Rules


Catalonian Butchers to Launch Dry Cure Study


IFA: Farmers Reject Factory Beef Price Cuts
Meat Plants Accused Of Dropping Slaughter Rates
Teagasc Welcomes in Horizon 2020 - A New EU Funding System


Lanao Norte Receives Farm Equipment Worth P5.8M
NEDA: June Food Prices Stable Despite Higher Petroleum Prices
DSM Acquires Animal Health Premix Business for Feed Mills

   Russian Federation

Another FMD Outbreak Reported in Russia


OIE Reports New FMD Outbreaks in Mongolia


Paraguay Given Beef Approval By Chile


NFU Members Bring Knowledge, Experience to Zambia


Brazil Opens Doors To Paraguayan Livestock


Help Requested For Farmers Coping With Drought
Survey Shows Butchers' Sales Down in Second Quarter
Beef Plant to Install Biogas System
Beijing Looks for Australian Wagyu
MLA: Weekly Cattle Summary
SA 'Beefs Up' Cattle Entry Requirements From Next Month
Wagyu Shifts Gear for High Growth
Australia Farm Exports to Ease, but Remain Strong
Ministry Announces Record Beef Exports for Australia
Australia on Cusp of Agriculture Career Boom


Germany Amends Act to Reduce Antibiotic Use
BSE Testing Age Raised in Germany
EC Approves State Aid for German Flood-affected Farmers


HKScan Sharpens Brand Strategy


Agricultural Product Prices Fall
China Pumps RMB2.58 Billion into Agricultural Industrialisation

   European Union

RVC and EC Collaborate for Control of FMD
Short-term Outlook for Arable Crop, Meat and Dairy Markets


No Further FMD Outbreaks in Zimbabwe


Research Uncovers DNA Mutations Responsible for the Quality of Beef


McDonald's and Animal Welfare 'Tipping Point'
Fly Control Has Positive Impact on Cattle Weight Gain, Stress


Ukrainian Meat Production Up During First Five Months of 2013


Indonesian Interested in Queensland Cattle Station


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